Useful Git Commands You Need To Know!!
Git is the most commonly used version control system. Git tracks the changes you make to files, so you have a record of what has been done, and you can revert to specific versions should you ever need to. Git also makes collaboration easier, allowing changes by multiple people to all be merged into one source.
So regardless of whether you write code that only you will see, or work as part of a team, Git will be useful for you.
git init -> Initializes git in any folder/repository (Needs only if you are not cloning a repository)
git clone https://github.com/<your-user-name>/<repo-name> -> Clones the repository in your local system.
git status -> Shows the current status of the repository.
git add <file-name> -> Adds specific file to staging area
git diff / git whatchanged -> Gives the recent changes in the repository
git add . -> Adds all changed files to staging area
git commit -m "<your-message>" -> Gives a message to your current files and takes their snapshot to commit history
git log -> Shows the commit history
git revert <commit-token> -> Discards the specific commit (Deletes the committed files but keeps a trace in history)
git reset --soft HEAD~<no-of-commits-to-revert> -> Undo's the commit and brings the changes back in the staging area
git restore --staged <file> -> Brings back the specific file in the changes made section which is added to the staging area.
git remote -v -> Shows all the remote connection
git remote add origin https://github.com/<your-user-name>/<repo-name> -> adds your forked branch as the origin (No need to do if the repo is cloned)
git remote add upstream https://github.com/<parent-user-name>/<repo-name> -> Adds parent repository as upstream.
git pull origin -> fetches the changes made in origin to your local system
git pull upstream -> fetches the changes made in origin to your local system
git branch <branch-name> -> Creates a branch with branch-name
git checkout <branch-name> -> This now allows you to make changes in the specified branch
git checkout -b <branch-name> -> This is combination of git branch and git checkout
git merge <branch-name> -> merges its children branch-name into its parent branch.
git branch -d <branch-name> -> Deletes the specified branch. And if the changes in the branch-name are not merged in the parent branch then the changes are deleted.
git push origin <branch-name> -> Pushes the recent commits to the new branch
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